The Faroe Islands is a self-governing part of the Kingdom of Denmark. The country has been a part of Denmark since the 1700s. Her Majesty Queen Margrethe II is Head of State.
The Faroe Islands are situated in the North Atlantic, almost midway between Norway, Iceland and Scotland. The country, made up of 18 islands, host a population of around 49,000 people separated by the narrow sounds and fjords between the islands. The total area is 1,399 kilometres, extending 118 kilometres North-South and 79 kilometres East-West.
Since the Home Rule Act of 1948 The Faroe Islands Home rule government has made decisions on most domestic areas, leaving foreign policy and defence, administration of justice, banking, currency and church as matters of common interest to government by Denmark.
Today the fishing industry is the most important source of income for the Faroes. Fish products account for 97% of the export volume. Tourism is the second largest industry, followed by woollen and other manufactured products.
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