Greenland is a self-governing part of the Kingdom of Denmark. The country has been a part of Denmark since the 1700s. Her Majesty Margrethe II is Head of State in Greenland.
Greenland is the largest island in the world. It is situated on the North American continent and 85% of the country is covered by an ice cap. Greenland has a population of about 56,000. The central parts of West Greenland are the most densely populated. Most of the population – around 45,000 – live in the towns, of which Nuuk is the largest.
With a modern and well-functioning welfare system, where education, pension, health service and unemployment benefit are taken for granted, the development of Greenland’s home rule is in many ways a model for other indigenous population groups around the world. Home rule makes Greenland’s population self-governing in almost all domestic areas.
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